Recent Developments in gas including development of the Northern Ireland gas industry, natural gas licences, gas wayleaves and guidance for gas licence holders.

Development of the Northern Ireland Gas Industry

Natural gas was first introduced to Northern Ireland via the Scotland to Northern Ireland gas pipeline in 1996.  Initially, natural gas was made available to customers in Greater Belfast, the immediate surrounding area and Larne where the gas distribution network has been developed by Phoenix Natural Gas (PNG).  By the end of 2015, natural gas was available to circa 313,000 properties in this area, with around 187,000* actually connected to natural gas.

firmus energy (firmus) is engaged in work to develop the natural gas market outside Greater Belfast along the routes of the North-West gas transmission pipeline (completed November 2004) and the South-North gas transmission pipeline (completed October 2006).  This work involves rolling out the gas distribution network in the 10 towns and cities of Londonderry, Limavady, Ballymena, Ballymoney, Coleraine, Newry, Craigavon, Antrim, Banbridge and Armagh.  To date, firmus has connected around 28,000* customers in the 10 towns area, including taking natural gas to some additional urban areas, such as Tandragee, Warrenpoint and Bushmills. 

On 11 February 2015, the Utility Regulator awarded exclusive gas conveyance licenses to NI Energy Holdings (West Transmission Ltd) and SGN Natural Gas to provide new high and low pressure gas infrastructure respectively to connect main towns, (including Dungannon, Cookstown, Magherafelt, Coalisland, Omagh, Strabane, and Enniskillen/Derrylin) in the West, to natural gas.  Initial construction work to connect Strabane to gas began in November 2015 and it is anticipated that work to connect the remaining towns will commence in 2017. Some 40,000 customers are planned to be connected in these towns over the licence period.

* These figures have been taken from the Utility Regulator’s Retail Market Monitoring Quarterly Transparency Report, Quarter 4: October – December 2015, published on 29 February 2016. 

Policy context

The Department’s Strategic Energy Framework 2010 (SEF), which was fully endorsed by the Northern Ireland Executive, is committed to extending the natural gas network in Northern Ireland where it is economic to do so.  Gas network extension supports a number of the NI Executive’s key commitments in the 2011-16 Programme for Government objectives. These include:

  • to continue to work towards a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by at least 35 per cent on 1990 levels by 2025
  • to introduce and support a range of initiatives aimed at reducing fuel poverty across Northern Ireland

Almost 70 per cent of homes in Northern Ireland use oil for heating, along with significant oil usage by businesses and the public sector.  As natural gas is the least polluting fossil fuel, extending the natural gas network to further areas can help to reduce green house gas emissions as well as offering a more efficient choice of fuel to businesses, the public sector and domestic consumers.

Other gas initiatives

The Department continues to support initiatives to provide gas storage in Northern Ireland and there are current proposals to develop an underground storage facility below Larne Lough in East Antrim.

The Department is also working closely with the Utility Regulator and the natural gas industry on gas market arrangements, ensuring that EU and UK energy policy and legislative requirements are delivered in Northern Ireland.  Gas market activities also include promoting greater retail competition where this is possible, and to provide further extension of the gas network where it is economically viable.

There is also significant liaison with the Department of Energy and Climate Change in London and the Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources in Dublin in relation to a range of gas market issues, including security of supply.

Natural gas licences

Gas licences (conveyance, storage and supply of natural gas) are granted by the Northern Ireland Authority for Utility Regulation under Article 8 of the Gas (Northern Ireland) Order 1996.

Information on the details of procedures governing applications for the granting of natural gas licences can be accessed at the NIAUR website, using the link below.

Gas wayleaves (necessary)

The procedures governing the grant by the Department of necessary (or compulsory) wayleaves for the installation or retention of gas pipelines are contained in paragraphs 10-12 of Schedule 3 to the Gas (Northern Ireland) Order 1996.


Guidance has been produced for gas licenceholders and landowners and/or occupiers on applications by gas licence holders to the Department for the grant of necessary wayleaves for the installation of gas pipelines.

Related to Gas

Access to information

How to request information from the Department for the Economy including Freedom of Information (FOI) and the use of our Publication Scheme.

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