Labour Relations Agency
Whether you're an employer or an employee, if you are looking for free and confidential assistance with your employment rights, you can contact the Labour Relations Agency's enquiry point. However the Agency does not offer advice on the merits of an individual complaint.
- Labour Relations Agency
- Telephone 028 9032 1442 or 028 7126 9639
Equality or discrimination in employment
For queries about equality or discrimination in employment, telephone the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland enquiry line on 028 9089 0890. Guidance on equality and discrimination at work is also available on the Equality Commission website.
The Good Relations and Social Change section of the Executive Office website may also be useful.
Health and safety at work
For health and safety at work queries, contact the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland by telephoning the freephone helpline:
- 0800 0320 121
They also produce online guidance on health and safety issues, both general and sector specific, and provide an email inquiry service.
The Citizens Advice Bureau can be a further source of assistance in these areas.
Working time and paid holiday entitlement
The Working Time Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2016 implement the Working Time Directive in Northern Ireland. The aim of the Directive is to ensure that workers are protected against adverse effects on their health and safety; caused by working excessively long hours or having inadequate rest or disrupted work patterns. The Regulations provide for (amongst other things):
- a maximum 48 hour working week averaged over a reference period
- a minimum daily rest period of 11 consecutive hours a day
- a rest break where the working day is longer than six hours
- a minimum rest period of one day per week
- a statutory right to 5.6 weeks paid annual leave
- health assessments for night workers
The Regulations make special provision for ‘young workers’ (those above school leaving age, but below the age of 18) in terms of daily and weekly working time limits, daily and weekly rest, rest breaks at work and night work.
The Regulations exclude those who work in particular sectors of activity, mainly transport related. These excluded workers, listed below, are afforded similar protection by virtue of separate UK wide sector-specific Regulations:
- workers to whom The Merchant Shipping (Hours of Work) Regulations 2002 apply
- workers on board sea-going fishing vessels to whom The Fishing Vessels (Working Time: Sea-fishermen) Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/1713) apply
- workers to whom The Merchant Shipping (Working Time: Inland Waterways) Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/3049) apply
Mobile workers in civil aviation and, workers performing mobile road transport activities are excluded from specified provisions in the Working Time Regulations, but are afforded similar protection by virtue of sector-specific Regulations.
Employment rights publications
There is a range of guidance material available on nidirect.
Employers seeking general information can use the nibusinessinfo.co.uk website. If you want to know about rules and regulations when starting up or growing your own business, look at some useful information from Invest Northern Ireland.
Codes of Practice which help employers establish best practice in the workplace can be obtained from the Department, the Labour Relations Agency, the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland and the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland.
Under part 14 of the Employment Rights (NI) Order 1996, the Redundancy Payments Service (RPS) pay certain entitlements (*) (within limits) owed to former employees of insolvent employers. This legislation, which implements the EU Insolvency Directive 80/987/EEC, guarantees a basic minimum payment to employees of insolvent employers, as they would otherwise have to wait some considerable time for payment, or get no payment, as creditors in the insolvency proceedings.
(*) Payments can include:
- arrears of Pay
- holiday pay
- pay-in-lieu of notice
- unpaid pension contributions
Outstanding contractual debts remain listed in insolvency and may become payable only if the sale of an employer's assets realises enough money. Employees may also be entitled to redundancy pay under the separate provisions of part 12 of the 1996 Order. After they have secured this pay, the employees' rights and remedies in respect of these debts transfer to the Department for the Economy. The claims for basic minimum payment and redundancy payment (but not for pensions) are paid direct by the RPS to the employees.
Employees must claim directly to the assigned Insolvency Practitioner for debts that fall outside the scope of Article 229 of the Employment Rights Order 1996. The Redundancy Payments Service has no involvement in such payments.
Redundancy is generally where an employer needs to reduce his or her workforce. It may happen because a work place is closing down, or because fewer employees are needed for work of a particular kind. Normally your job must have disappeared. It is not redundancy if your employer immediately takes on a direct replacement for you. But it will not matter if your employer is recruiting more workers for work of a different kind, or in another location.
For more information on redundancy:
The redundancy consultation process
As an employer, you are required by law to notify the Department for the Economy of a proposal to make redundant 20 or more employees
Terms and conditions/pay
A contract of employment normally exists once an employee starts work, whether or not it is in writing. Most employees must receive a written employment statement within two months of beginning work. This should include details, such as: the employer’s name; worker’s job title; pay; hours of work; holiday entitlement; pension; period of employment; notice periods; and disciplinary and grievance procedures. Employees must be told about any changes to their employment statement within one month.
An employee is also entitled to a written pay statement when or before they are paid. This should detail gross pay, take home pay and any deductions made. Deductions may only be made if they are required by law, authorised by the worker’s contract or agreed in writing.
Further information on the national minimum wage is available from the ACAS Helpline on 0300 123 1100 ; from the Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy website (Labour Market Reform page) or National Minimum Wage website which also provides information in Polish, Lithuanian and Russian and has capacity for employers/workers to make complaints about suspected non-compliant employers online.
Rates of pay, hours and holidays in the agricultural sector are treated differently - queries in this area should be made to the Agricultural Helpline on 028 9052 4012 or by email: FarmPolicyBranch@daera-ni.gov.uk.
Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (TUPE) Regulations
On 6 April 2006, the revised Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (the 'TUPE Regulations') (S.I. 2006/246) and the Service Provision Change (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2006 (the '2006 Regulations') (S.R. 2006 No. 177) came into force.
The TUPE Regulations make provision, in respect of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, for the treatment of employees, and related matters on the transfer of a business or undertaking while the 2006 Regulations make corresponding provision related to service provision change in Northern Ireland.
These Regulations replace the previous 1981 TUPE Regulations, and the 2006 Regulations widen the scope to cover cases where services are outsourced, insourced or assigned by a client to a new contractor (described as 'service provision changes').
More useful links
- Information for migrant workers
- Automatic enrolment into workplace pensions - for employees
- Automatic enrolment into workplace pensions - for employers
- Contact Employment Rights