Public authorities should note that the information on this page is only applicable when the aid being provided is within the scope of Article 10 of the Windsor Framework. If you are providing support to service sector companies please refer to the information on the State aid and Subsidy control after EU Exit webpage.
Article 10 of the Windsor Framework
The Windsor Framework, provides a new legal and UK constitutional framework.
Article 10 provides that the State aid rules will continue to apply to the UK in respect of measures which affect trade in goods between NI and the EU (including the production of and trade in agricultural products) and the production of wholesale electricity in NI (i.e. measures impacting on the Single Electricity Market).
The European Commission and the United Kingdom have recently published their respective guidance on the circumstances in which Article 10 of the Windsor Framework will apply.
- UK guidance on Article 10 of the Windsor Framework
- EC guidance on Article 10 of the Windsor Framework
Using the Horizontal and Sectoral State aid rules
If you want to use the Horizontal or Sectoral rules for State aid cover, you have to formally tell the European Commission about your plans and wait for a formal decision before you provide any aid. This can be a lengthy process, and it can take around 12 to 18 months to get a decision from the European Commission.
You can read more about the Hortizontal and Sectoral State aid rules in State aid: A Beginner's Guide for Public Bodies in Northern Ireland
Horizontal State aid rules
Horizontal State aid rules apply to all sectors. The categories are aimed at solving problems that may arise in any industry and country:
- Regional Aid
- Research and development and innovation
- Training aid
- Rescue and Restructuring aid
- Risk Finance aid
- Risk Capital
- Aid for disadvantaged and disabled workers
Sectoral State aid rules
As their name suggests, the Sectoral State aid rules apply to specific sectors/industries.
Agriculture, food and fisheries legislation
- The Agricultural Block Exemption Regulation 2023 – Commission Regulation (EU) 2022/2472 (ABER)
- Guidelines for State aid in the agricultural and forestry sectors and in rural areas 2023
- “De minimis” Regulation for Agriculture (1408/2013)
- Fishery Block Exemption Regulation 2023 – Commission Regulation (EU) 2022/2473 (FIBER)
- Guidelines for State aid in the fishery and aquaculture sector
- De Minimis aid Regulation in the fishery and aquaculture sector (Regulation 717/2014)
- Commission Regulation (EU) 2022/2514, prolongation of the de minimis aid in the fishery and aquaculture sector (Regulation 717/2014)
Energy and environment
- Guidance on State aid to Ship Management companies
- Guidance on State aid complementary to Community funding for the launching of motorways of the sea
- Guidelines on State aid to Maritime Transport
Rail and road
- Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 - Public passenger transport services by rail and by road
- Communication from the Commission - Interpretative Guidelines concerning Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 - Public Passenger Transport service by rail and by road
- Communication from the Commission: Community guidelines on State aid for railway undertakings
How to find out more
If you work for a public body and have any questions about how to apply the Horizontal or Sectoral State aid rules, please speak to one of the State aid and subsidy control contacts.
You can find out more about State aid in State aid: A Beginner's Guide for Public Bodies in Northern Ireland.
You can read more about the rules after EU Exit on the department's webpage State aid and subsidy control after EU exit.